Painful intercourse also termed dyspareunia is the persistent genital pain that one experiences during or after intercourse. Pain during or after intercourse shouldn’t be ignored. Your body may be trying to tell you that something is wrong.
Causes of painful intercourse in women
Painful intercourse can be caused by the following:
- Vaginismus. This is the involuntary tightening of the vaginal muscles in response to penetration, usually caused by fear of being hurt.
- Infections. Thrush or sexually transmitted infection (STI), such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea or genital herpes can cause pain during intercourse.
- Problem with the uterus. Problem such as fibroids can cause deep intercourse pain.
- Endometriosis. This is a condition in which the tissue similar to that which lines the uterus grows outside the uterus.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). When the tissues deep inside the genital tract become badly inflamed and the pressure from intercourse causes deep pain.
- Ectopic pregnancy. This is a pregnancy in which a fertilized egg develops outside the uterus.
- Menopause. With menopause, the vaginal lining can lose its normal moisture and become dry due to the decline in reproductive hormones.
- Sexually transmitted diseases. These may include genital warts, herpes sores, or other STDs.
- Injury to the vulva or vagina. These injuries may include a tear from childbirth or from a cut (episiotomy) made in the area of skin between the vagina and anus during labor.
The pain can be resolved with sufficient lubrication of the vagina, increase in foreplay and the female becoming more relaxed. If it continues see your doctor.